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Folic acid, also known as folate or vitamin B9, is a water-soluble vitamin involved in several essential metabolic processes in the body
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Vitamin B9 test, also known as folate test, is used to measure the levels of Vitamin B9 in the blood. Vitamin B9 is important for the formation of normal red blood cells, tissue and cell repair, and the synthesis of DNA. Folate deficiency can cause shortness of breath, irritability, fatigue, and weakness. This test is done if a person experiences the symptoms of anemia such as weakness and pale skin. It may also be advised in case of memory loss caused due to neuropathy and to monitor the treatment of vitamin B9 deficiency. Vitamin B9 can be found in supplements and fortified foods, including flour, bread, cereals, and grains. Folate deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia and can even increase the risk of congenital disabilities at the time of pregnancy.

It is necessary for the synthesis and repair of DNA, the production of red blood cells, and the proper functioning of the nervous system.

Folic acid is particularly important during periods of rapid growth and development, such as pregnancy and infancy. Adequate levels of folic acid are crucial for the normal development of the fetal neural tube, which forms the baby's brain and spinal cord. Deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy can lead to neural tube defects, such as spina bifida.

It is also necessary for the production of red blood cells, and a deficiency in folic acid can result in a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia. Symptoms of megaloblastic anemia might include weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath, and pale skin.

Folic acid is primarily obtained through dietary sources such as leafy green vegetables, legumes, citrus fruits, and fortified grains. However, some individuals may have a higher requirement for folic acid or have difficulties absorbing it from food. In such cases, folic acid supplements may be recommended by healthcare professionals.


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