Parameter Included: 11
Parameter Included: 11
A Liver Function Test (LFT) is a blood test that provides information about the health and function of your liver. It measures various substances and enzymes in the blood that are produced or processed by the liver. LFTs can help detect liver diseases, monitor liver function, and assess the effectiveness of treatments.
LFTs are performed to evaluate the overall health of your liver and to identify any potential liver disorders or diseases. They can be used to diagnose conditions such as hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, fatty liver disease, alcohol-related liver disease, and liver damage caused by medications or toxins.
An LFT measures several substances and enzymes in the blood, including: - Alanine transaminase (ALT) and Aspartate transaminase (AST): Enzymes released into the blood when the liver is damaged or inflamed. - Alkaline phosphatase (ALP): An enzyme that can be elevated in liver diseases or bile flow disorders. - Total bilirubin: A waste product produced by the liver that can indicate liver damage or blockage. - Albumin and total protein: Proteins produced by the liver that help assess liver function and overall health. - Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT): An enzyme that may be elevated in liver diseases, alcohol consumption, or certain medications. - Prothrombin time (PT): A test that measures how long it takes for your blood to clot, indicating the liver's ability to produce clotting factors.
An LFT is a simple blood test that requires a sample of blood to be drawn from a vein in your arm. The blood sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. Results are typically available within a few hours to a few days, depending on the lab.
The LFT test is generally safe, with minimal risks. Some people may experience slight bruising or infection at the site where blood is drawn. In rare cases, dizziness or fainting may occur. If you have concerns or medical conditions, it's advisable to consult with your healthcare provider.
In most cases, fasting is not required before an LFT. However, there are specific tests within the LFT panel where fasting might be necessary. It's best to check with your healthcare provider or the lab conducting the test for specific instructions.
The frequency of LFT tests depends on various factors, such as your medical history, existing liver conditions, medications, and lifestyle. Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate frequency for you, but typically, LFTs may be conducted every 6-12 months for routine monitoring, or more frequently if you have a known liver disease or are undergoing treatment.
While LFTs provide important information about liver health, they are not specific to a particular disease or condition. They serve as screening tools, and further diagnostic tests, such as imaging scans or liver biopsies, may be needed for a definitive diagnosis.
In most cases, an LFT test requires a healthcare provider's prescription. However, in some regions, it might be possible to access LFTs directly through self-referral or wellness clinics. It's best to check with your healthcare provider or regional regulations for specific requirements.